• Affects 10-20% of the U.S population
  • The most common learning disability/difference
  • Inherited, genetic – runs in families
  • Is a lifetime issue, it is not curable.
  • Can be mild or severe
  • Affects boys and girls equally
  • First described in 1896
  • According to the NIH – Dyslexia affects 80% of the students in special education programs for learning disabilities.
  • People with Dyslexia CAN read.
  • People with Dyslexia are usually more creative thinkers.


  • Dyslexia does not exist
  • Dyslexia is rare
    • Dyslexia affects as many as 10-20% of the population
  • There is no way to diagnose Dyslexia.
    • Dyslexia brain patterns can be seen on Functional MRI
    • There are specific standardized tests that can determine if a person has a Dyslexic thought process
  • People with Dyslexia see letters and numbers backwards.
  • Dyslexia is curable or you can “outgrow” it.
    • It is a lifelong challenge. Many learn to integrate Dyslexia into their lives, but it is always a part of the person.
  • Vision therapy will help.
  • You can improve a Dyslexic’s reading by having them read 20-30 minutes every day.
    • Forcing a person who has Dyslexia to read that often will only serve to frustrate them. There are specific learning strategies that help Dyslexics become better readers, but they must be taught in a structured and progressive manner.
  • People with Dyslexia are lazy or should just try harder.
    • Dyslexics are using more parts of their brain in a less organized fashion. Working harder does not make that process any more efficient.
  • People with Dyslexia are not smart.
    • Most people with Dyslexia have a normal to above average IQ.
  • Dyslexia cannot be identified before the 3rd grade
    • Symptoms appear as early as 3-4 years of age. It is possible to begin screening for Dyslexia as early as 4 years old.
  • Retaining a child in a certain grade will improve their academic performance.
    • More of the same education will not improve a person’s neural connections. Dyslexics learn differently. The best way to improve academic performance is to teach using the multi-sensory strategies that best meet their unique learning needs.
  • Schools test for Dyslexia
    • Schools primarily test for learning disabilities, but not specifically for “Dyslexia”.
  • People with Dyslexia can’t read.
    • Those with Dyslexia use a lot of different reading strategies to help compensate for the processing problems. So they may be somewhat slower readers, but they can read.
  • Dyslexia only affects reading.
    • It can affect handwriting, spelling, math, and even coordination.

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